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Izinyathelo Ezine Zokuthuthukisa Isistimu Yakho Yokumpompa

Isikhathi: 2023-05-15

Ukuthuthukisa isistimu yakho yokumpompa kungaba indlela okufanele uhambe ngayo uma sekuyisikhathi sokushintsha iphampu noma ukunciphisa izindleko kakhulu.

Kunezinyathelo ezine ongazithatha ukuze ulungiselele isistimu yakho yokumpompa.


Okokuqala, nciphisa ikhanda lesistimu.Ukunciphisa ikhanda lesistimu namandla adingekayo ukuze uyifinyelele kuyisinyathelo sokuqala.

Inhloko yesistimu:

(1) Isamba sokucindezela okuhlukile nobude obudingekayo ukuze iphampu iphakamise uketshezi (ikhanda elimile),

(2) Ukumelana (ikhanda lokungqubuzana) okukhiqizwa lapho uketshezi ludlula epayipini, 

(3) Isamba sokumelana okukhiqizwa yinoma iyiphi i-valve evalwe kancane (ikhanda lokulawula).

Kulawa amathathu, ikhanda elilawulwayo lihlinzeka ngethagethi engcono kakhulu yokonga amandla. Amasistimu amaningi asebenzisa ama-valve ngoba amaphampu awo makhulu futhi adinga ukugoqa ukuze agcine ukugeleza okufanele. Kumasistimu amaningi anekhanda lokulawula ngokweqile kanye nezinkinga eziqhubekayo zokulungisa, ukuthenga iphampu encane ehlangabezana kangcono nezidingo zokugeleza noma ukushintshela kuphampu yesivinini eguquguqukayo kuvumela umsebenzisi ukuthi ehlise ikhanda lokulawula isistimu futhi alondoloze izindleko zamandla nezokulungisa.


Okwesibili, amazinga okugeleza aphansi noma izikhathi zokugijima.

Amanye amaphampu asebenza ngaso sonke isikhathi, noma ngabe inqubo idinga konke ukugeleza. Uma uhlelo lushosha, opharetha bakhokhela amandla abangawasebenzisi kahle. Kunezindlela ezimbili zokuxazulula le nkinga. Enye iwukushintshela kuphampu yejubane eguquguqukayo engakhuphula noma yehlise ukugeleza njengoba kudingeka. Indlela yesibili iwukusebenzisa ingxube yamaphampu, amanye amakhulu namanye amancane, uwavule noma uwavale ukuze ahlangabezane nesidingo. Zombili izindlela zinciphisa ukugeleza kwe-bypass futhi ngaleyo ndlela zonga amandla.


Okwesithathu, shintsha noma shintsha amathuluzi nezilawuli.

Uma ukonga amandla kwekhanda eliphansi kanye nezinga lokugeleza eliphansi/isikhathi sokusebenza kubonakala kukhanga, umnikazi kufanele acabangele ukushintsha amathuluzi nezinhlelo zokulawula. Uma uhlelo lusebenzisa inani elikhulu lamavalvu ukuze lishaye, lishintshe ufake amaphampu amancane angadingi ukudonsa kanzima futhi angabizi kakhulu ukuwaqhuba. Kumasistimu anamaphampu amaningi kanye nesidingo esiguquguqukayo, ukulungisa kabusha kungase kuhlanganise amaphampu amancane noma ahlukahlukene kanye nengqondo yokulawula ukuze uvule futhi uvale amaphampu ngokuzenzakalelayo njengoba kudingeka.


Okwesine, ukuthuthukisa ukufakwa, ukulungisa kanye nezinqubo zokusebenza.

Izinkinga eziningi zokulungisa ziqala ngokufaka. Izisekelo eziqhekekile noma amaphampu angaqondani kahle angabangela ukudlidliza nokuguga. Amapayipi okumunca alungiselelwe ngendlela engafanele angabangela ukugqoka ngaphambi kwesikhathi ngenxa ye-cavitation noma ukulayisha nge-hydraulic. Qiniseka ukuthi uxoxa ngokusekela kokufaka lapho uthenga iphampu. Kuzinhlelo zokusebenza ezibucayi, kunengqondo ukukhokhela uchwepheshe wenkampani yangaphandle ngokusebenza kwepompo ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi iphampu entsha izosebenza njengoba iklanywe kukho konke ukuphila kwayo.


Kunezindlela eziningi zokusingatha ukugcinwa okujwayelekile. Amaphampu amancane, angabizi ahluleka ukuhlangabezana nezidingo ezibalulekile angase akhokhe inani ngokwehluleka ukusebenza. Ukunakekelwa okujwayelekile kokuvimbela kunengqondo kumaphampu amaningi. Ukugcinwa kokubikezela—ukuqoqa idatha nokuyisebenzisa ukuze kunqunywe ukuthi o-opharetha kudingeka bangenele nini—kuyithuluzi elinamandla lokugcina amaphampu ngaphakathi kokucaciswayo. Lokhu akudingeki kube inkimbinkimbi noma kubize, ngokumane ulinganise izici ezifana nomfutho wephampu, ukusetshenziswa kwamandla nokudlidliza nyanga zonke noma ngekota, abaqhubi bangakwazi ukubamba izinguquko zokusebenza kahle futhi bahlele izinyathelo zokulungisa ngaphambi kokuba kuvele izinkinga ezingase ziholele ekuhlulekeni.


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