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Njira Zinayi Zokongoletsera Pumping System Yanu

Nthawi: 2023-05-15

Kuwongolera makina anu opopera kungakhale njira yopitira ikafika nthawi yosintha mpope kapena kuchepetsa ndalama kwambiri.

Pali njira zinayi zomwe mungatenge kuti muwongolere makina anu opopera.


Choyamba, kuchepetsa dongosolo mutu.Reducing dongosolo mutu ndi mphamvu zofunika kukwaniritsa izo ndi sitepe yoyamba.

Mutu wadongosolo:

(1) Kuchuluka kwa kuthamanga kosiyana ndi kutalika kofunikira kuti pampu ikweze madzimadzi (mutu wokhazikika),

(2) Kukana (kukangana mutu) komwe kumachitika madzimadzi akadutsa paipi, 

(3) Kuchuluka kwa kukana komwe kumapangidwa ndi valavu iliyonse yotsekedwa pang'ono (mutu wolamulira).

Pazitatu, mutu wolamulidwa umapereka ndalama zabwino kwambiri zopulumutsira mphamvu chandamale. Machitidwe ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito ma valve chifukwa mapampu awo ndi aakulu kwambiri komanso zimafuna throttling kusunga kuyenda bwino. Kwa machitidwe ambiri ndi kuwongolera mopitilira muyeso ndi zovuta zokhazikika zosamalira, kugula a pampu yaying'ono yomwe imakwaniritsa bwino zomwe zimafunikira kuyenda kapena kusinthira ku a pampu yothamanga yosinthika imalola wogwiritsa ntchito kuchepetsa mutu wowongolera dongosolo ndi kusunga ndalama zogulira magetsi ndi kukonza.


Chachiwiri, kuchepetsa kuthamanga kwa magazi kapena nthawi yothamanga.

Mapampu ena amathamanga nthawi zonse, kaya ndondomekoyo ikufunika kapena ayi kuyenda. Pamene dongosolo likulephereka, ogwira ntchito amalipira mphamvu zomwe salipirira gwiritsani ntchito moyenera. Pali njira ziwiri zothetsera vutoli. Chimodzi ndi ku sinthani ku pampu yothamanga yomwe imatha kuwonjezera kapena kuchepetsa kuthamanga ngati zofunika. Njira yachiwiri ndiyo kusakaniza mapampu, ena akuluakulu ndi ena zing'onozing'ono, ndikuzikhazikitsa ndikuzichotsa kuti zikwaniritse zofunikira. Njira zonsezi zimachepetsa bypass kuyenda motero kusunga mphamvu.


Chachitatu, sinthani kapena kusintha zida ndi zowongolera.

Ngati ndalama mphamvu ya m'munsi mutu ndi otaya otsika mlingo / ntchito nthawi zimawoneka zokongola, mwiniwakeyo ayenera kuganizira zosintha zida ndi machitidwe owongolera. Ngati dongosolo ntchito ambiri mavavu kwa throttling, m'malo mwawo ndi mapampu ang'onoang'ono kuti safuna zothamanga komanso zotsika mtengo kuyendetsa. Kwa machitidwe okhala ndi angapo mapampu ndi kusinthasintha kufunikira, kukonzanso kungaphatikizepo zazing'ono kapena mapampu osinthika ndi malingaliro owongolera kuti mutsegule mapampu ndi kuchoka ngati pakufunika.


Chachinayi, kukonza kukhazikitsa, kukonza ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Mavuto ambiri okonza amayamba ndi kukhazikitsa. Wosweka maziko kapena mapampu osagwirizana bwino angayambitse kugwedezeka ndi kutha. Kupopera koyamwa kosakonzedwa bwino kungayambitse kuvala msanga chifukwa cha cavitation kapena hydraulic loading. Onetsetsani kuti mukambirane thandizo la unsembe pogula mpope. Kwa ntchito zovuta, ndizomveka perekani katswiri wa chipani chachitatu popereka ntchito kuti atsimikizire kuti chatsopano pampu imagwira ntchito monga momwe idapangidwira moyo wake wonse.


Pali njira zambiri zothanirana ndi kukonza kwanthawi zonse. Zochepa, zotsika mtengo mapampu omwe amalephera kukwaniritsa zosowa zofunika akhoza kulipira mtengowo polephera gwirani ntchito. Kukonzekera kodziletsa pafupipafupi kumakhala komveka pamapampu ambiri. Kukonzekera molosera—kusonkhanitsa deta ndi kuigwiritsa ntchito kuti mudziwe nthawi Ogwiritsa ntchito ayenera kulowererapo-ndi chida champhamvu chosungira mapampu mkati kufotokoza. Izi siziyenera kukhala zovuta kapena zodula, mophweka poyezera zinthu monga kuthamanga kwa pampu, kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi kugwedezeka pamwezi kapena kotala, ogwira ntchito amatha kugwira kusintha kwachangu ndikukonzekera zochita zowongolera musanakumane ndi zovuta zomwe zingatheke kumabweretsa kulephera kuwuka.


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